@juliaferraioli Cygnus forking GCC - and then having it win out was huge. Showed the power of forking to work for good.
@juliaferraioli the UK’s Government Digital Service (GDS) bringing open source and user centred agile development right into the heart of public service, an approach since replicated all over the world.
Chrome / Chromium?
Both examples of huge companies really embracing OSS in a big way...
@juliaferraioli 2009: US White House switches to Drupal
@juliaferraioli Times when founders of big projects (e.g., Django, Python) stepped down while deliberately switching from a BDFL model to something more sustainable
2006: Chris Ball and Hanna Wallach https://blog.printf.net/articles/2006/06/14/womens-summer-outreach-program/ set up what turns into Outreachy https://harihareswara.net/posts/2015/the-triumph-of-outreachy/
@juliaferraioli If I recall the story correctly: the Hudson maintainer not getting the email that they needed to change their hosting configuration (because of some IT shuffling after Oracle's purchase of Sun), thinking that they'd been booted, and forking to Jenkins?
@juliaferraioli The Drizzle project. Now nearly forgotten, it was the first project that did gated commits and enforced pre-merge CI checks. OpenStack, Kubernetes and everything else copied that approach, establishing what we now consider the standard of collaborative open source software development.
I think it's also worth noting the founding of Wikipedia (2001) and the Creative Commons (2002), when people began to accept that "open source" ought to apply to more than just programs.
I personally remember those conversations and arguments very intensely. I remember a number of special pleading that "software was different" and that "artists wouldn't share their work" in the same ways.
Some of that seems laughable, today.
I think human languages were the first, most important, open source projects. I realize this answer probably isn't useful for your purposes but:
a) I wanted to go on record with this thought;
b) I truly think that it affords a useful perspective in understanding what we *call* open source; and
c) I bet Larry Wall would agree with me.
@juliaferraioli Less settled, but very interesting, is the adoption of codes of conduct by many FOSS communities in recent years. That’s a Master’s thesis’ worth of material right there (though not sure in which subject 🙃)
I think Microsoft joining OIN was absolutely pivotal. https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/blog/microsoft-joins-open-invention-network-to-help-protect-linux-and-open-source/?cdn=disable